Timeline

  • 1728
    Cook born 27th October at Marton-in-Cleveland - Second son of James Cook and Grace Pace
  • 1736
    Move to Airyholme Farm, Great Ayton; attends the village school
  • 1744
    Assistant to William Sanderson, shopkeeper in Staithes
  • 1746
    Apprenticed to John Walker, master-mariner, Whitby
  • 1747
    Muster Roll Act passed. All ships Cook served on are then recorded
  • 1752
    Promoted Mate on board Friendship
  • 1755
    Volunteers for Royal Navy and joins HMS Eagle
  • 1756-63
    The Seven Years War against the French. At the capture of Louisburg (1758) and Quebec (1759)
    Learns new surveying techniques
  • 1762
    Marries Elizabeth Batts at St. Margaret’s, Barking
  • 1763
    Appointed Surveyor of Newfoundland
  • 1768-71
    First Voyage: promoted Lieutenant to command of HM Bark Endeavour August, sails from Plymouth
  • 1769
    Observes Transit of Venus in Tahiti
  • 1769-70
    Completes circumnavigation and chart of New Zealand.
  • 1770
    Lands at Botany Bay, Australia. Charts the east coast of Australia; ship grounds on coral Endeavour Reef. Returns via Batavia (Jakarta) and Cape Town
  • 1771
    Visits family in Yorkshire, Dec 1771-Jan 1772. Visits Walker in Whitby
  • 1772-75
    Second Voyage: Resolution and Adventure
  • 1773
    Crosses Antarctic Circle for the first time in January. They cross the Circle again in December 1773 and January 1774
  • 1774
    Explores Easter Island, the Tongan Islands, and New Caledonia and the New Hebrides in Melanesia
  • 1775
    Promoted post-captain. Appointed to Greenwich Hospital, the charitable naval establishment for pensioners
  • 1776-80
    Third Voyage: Resolution and Discovery
  • 1777
    Lands in Tasmania, revisits New Zealand, Tahiti and Tonga
  • 1778
    First sighting of Hawai’ian islands on way to North West coast of America
  • 1778
    First probe through Bering Strait. Halted by ice, returns to winter in Hawai’i
  • 1779
    Leaves Kealakekua Bay (4th February), returns when Resolution damaged
  • 14th February Cook and 4 marines killed in an affray over a stolen cutter. Captain Clerke takes command
  • 1779
  • The ships land at Kamchatka, Siberia, for supplies and repairs
    Continue search for North West Passage
    Halted by ice. Clerke dies and is buried in Kamchatka
  • 1780
    Resolution and Discovery return home under Captain John Gore and Lieutenant James King after 4 years and 3 months away

Our site uses cookies to optimise performance and perform key functionality. Details can be found in our Privacy Policy.

We'd like to utilise Google Analytics to help us further analyse our site and its content. Please click Accept All if you consent to this.

or Reject Tracking Cookies