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Cook Museum Whitby

Timeline

1728
Cook born 27th October at Marton-in-Cleveland - Second son of James Cook and Grace Pace

1736
Move to Airyholme Farm, Great Ayton; attends the village school

1744
Assistant to William Sanderson, shopkeeper in Staithes

1746
Apprenticed to John Walker, master-mariner, Whitby

1747
Muster Roll Act passed. All ships Cook served on are then recorded

1752
Promoted to Mate on board Friendship

1755
Volunteers for Royal Navy and joins HMS Eagle

1756-63
The Seven Years War against the French. At the capture of Louisburg (1758) and Quebec (1759)
Learns new surveying techniques

1762
Marries Elizabeth Batts at St. Margaret’s, Barking

1763
Appointed Surveyor of Newfoundland

1768-71
First Voyage: promoted Lieutenant to command of HM Bark Endeavour August, sails from Plymouth

1769
Observes Transit of Venus in Tahiti

1769-70
Completes circumnavigation and chart of New Zealand.

1770
Lands at Botany Bay, Australia. Charts the east coast of Australia; ship grounds on coral Endeavour Reef
Returns via Batavia (Jakarta) and Cape Town

1771
Visits family in Yorkshire, Dec 1771-Jan 1772. Visits Walker in Whitby

1772-75
Second Voyage: Resolution and Adventure

1773
Crosses Antarctic Circle for the first time in January. They cross the Circle again in December 1773 and January 1774

1774
Explores Easter Island, the Tongan Islands, and New Caledonia and the New Hebrides in Melanesia

1775
Promoted post-captain. Appointed to Greenwich Hospital, the charitable naval establishment for pensioners

1776-80
Third Voyage: Resolution and Discovery

1777
Lands in Tasmania, revisits New Zealand, Tahiti and Tonga

1778
First sighting of Hawai’ian islands on way to North West coast of America

1778
First probe through Bering Strait. Halted by ice, returns to winter in Hawai’i

1779
Leaves Kealakekua Bay (4th February), returns when Resolution damaged

14th February Cook and 4 marines killed in an affray over a stolen cutter. Captain Clerke takes command

1779

The ships land at Kamchatka, Siberia, for supplies and repairs
Continue search for North West Passage
Halted by ice. Clerke dies and is buried in Kamchatka

1780
Resolution and Discovery return home under Captain John Gore and Lieutenant James King after 4 years and 3 months away

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